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Are you flying for the first time since the pandemic began? Here are a few steps you can take in advance to ensure you don't get stuck at the airport. USA TODAY

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Airlines cite several reasons for their optimism while acknowledging the situation is fluid, and trends could shift anytime.

Pent-up demand for travel

Nearly eight months into the pandemic, people are itching to go somewhere. Airline traffic is still severely depressed from normal levels, but passenger counts have been on the rise. American Airlines said 45% of its flights were more than 80% full in September, compared with just 20% of July flights.

"We have seen signs of pent-up demand from customers who want to visit their family and friends or go on vacation,'' JetBlue's Hayes said.

Another holiday travel demographic driving demand: college students heading 真人百家家乐官网网站home for break. 

"We think that traffic is going to hold up pretty well,'' he said.

Hayes said JetBlue saw an impact on bookings over the summer as COVID-19 cases soared in the Sunbelt,but this time around, "we haven't seen that yet.''

Southwest Airlines President Tom Nealon said on Oct. 22 that the airline has studied July booking and cancellation patterns to identify early warning signals about a decline in demand and so far has not seen any similar patterns despite the increase in cases.

"Perhaps people haven't been as concerned about it as they were in the past,'' he said.

Allegiant CEO Maury Gallagher summed up the gradual return of airline passengers this way: "It appears pandemic fatigue is setting in.''

Is the industry's 'flying is relatively safe' mantra working?

Airlines have spent months trying to convince skittish travelers that flying is a relatively lower-risk activity, with the latest industry-sponsored study saying traveling on a plane poses less risk than grocery shopping or going out to eat.

They have hammered on the health and safety measures they are taking and repeatedly touted thehospital-grade ventilation systemsin their cabins, where the air is refreshed every two to three minutes. Airlines are mandating masks and banning passengers who flout the rules. Delta says it has added nearly 500 passengers to its do-not-fly list since May, United about 300. 

Alaska Airline CEO Brad Tilden said there is a "greater disconnect'' between COVID-19 cases and bookings because the safety message is getting across to travelers.

"People that have flown are having a good experience,'' he said. "They're willing to come back.''

Cheap fares are also driving ticket sales

Airlines are also luring passengers back to the skies with cheap tickets. Southwest Airlines, which in pre-pandemic times launched just two major fare sales a year, has been running frequent sales with one-way fares often starting at $39. As always, prime holiday travel dates and times are largely blacked out. However, the restrictions haven't been as onerous as usual.

JetBlue ran a holiday travel sale in late September, and President Joanna Geraghty said the airline was encouraged by the bookings.

Alaska Airlines, where average fares were down 17% in the July-September period, had a buy-one-get-one fare sale in August and is also running a promotion where travelers get a discount when Seattle Seahawks quarterback Russell Wilson scores a touchdown. Both boosted new reservations, with some travelers paying cash and others cashing in travel credits received from canceled flights at the beginning of the pandemic, officials said.

"We're seeing the ability to stimulate traffic with lower fares,'' Alaska President Ben Minicucci said.

American Airlines is confident enough in the pace of holiday travel bookings that it's holding out some seats for sale in hopes of charging last-minute bookers more. That's a regular practice in the industry, but this year,airlines haven't been able to command much of a last-minute premium due to the plunge in travel demand.

"And so that's a promising thing which we hadn't seen in the past,'' said Vasu Raja, American's chief revenue officer. "Now this is a volatile environment. The recovery will be choppy, and should things change, we will respond accordingly. But right now, things are better than they were but far from sustainable.''

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